By Navin G. Ashar, Kiran R. Golwalkar
This severe quantity offers useful insights on sulfuric acid and comparable plant layout and on ideas to enhance and improve considerably the potency of an latest plant through small differences. The publication presents readers with a greater knowing of the state-of-art in sulfuric acid manufacture in addition to, importantly, within the manufacture of value-added items in accordance with sulfur which are additionally linked to the manufacture of sulfuric acid. total, engineers and plant managers can be brought to applied sciences for making their sulfuric acid organisations extra effective, remunerative, and environmentally pleasant. A sensible advisor to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents covers sulfuric acid and spinoff chemical plant info from the nuts-and-bolts point to a holistic point of view according to genuine box event. The ebook is imperative to someone eager about enforcing a sulfuric acid or comparable chemical plant.
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Additional info for A Practical Guide to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents
6. 7. 8. Steam consumption of the turbine for the steam available at site. Speed (RPM) at normal operation. Gearbox and common base plate design for the steam TG set. Speed governor provided (mechanical/electronic). Whether emergency trips are provided. Instrumentation provided by vendor. Generator speed and type of generator. In the case of a condensing turbine, the supplier will quote for the complete package for steam condensation and system for recycling of the condensate. 9. Load on the cooling tower.
The lean oleum from the exit exchanges heat with the incoming strong oleum for preheating before entry into the boiler. It is then further cooled in separate lean oleum coolers before putting it back into the oleum tower for fortification by plant gases. In a twin-tower system, the first oleum tower operates at 30–35% oleum strength while the second oleum tower, which is in series with the first, operates at 21–24% for further absorption of SO3 (from the exit gases of the first oleum tower). 4 Chlorosulfonic Acid Chlorosulfonic acid [CSA] can be manufactured by using hydrochloric acid and sulfur trioxide and the process varies depending on the mode of raw material available— whether liquid or gaseous.
A product outlet valve is opened to take out the 65% oleum from the tower and transfer it to the storage tanks. The cooling water stream is kept under negative pressure by running it using a siphon. This prevents ingress of water into the oleum tower in the case of a leak. Continuous monitoring of the conductivity/pH of the exit water stream from the cooler is carried out and a warning device is set to indicate a leaking tube. Specially sealed level indicator tubes are provided on the boot of the tower.
A Practical Guide to the Manufacture of Sulfuric Acid, Oleums, and Sulfonating Agents by Navin G. Ashar, Kiran R. Golwalkar