By C N Hill
"A Vertical Empire" describes the paintings in rocketry and area learn performed within the united kingdom within the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties. At one time, the programme was once as subtle as these within the US and Russia. The initiatives have been cancelled one after the other as Britain's makes an attempt to maintain militarily with the 2 superpowers weakened, due to Treasury strain and the idea that there has been no financial destiny in house expertise. a lot of the cloth during this booklet hasn't ever been on hand earlier than, due in part to the 30-Year Rule bearing on govt files, and in part to the delicate army nature of the paintings. The tasks coated comprise rocket-propelled plane, huge army missiles equivalent to the medium diversity ballistic missile "Blue Streak", the try rocket "Black Knight" and the re-entry experiments it carried, and the satellite tv for pc launcher "Black Arrow". moreover, proposed initiatives that may were constructed from those cars are lined intensive. there's additionally massive political research of why those initiatives have been ultimately discontinued.
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Extra info for A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971
Was put in this way. As mentioned, Bomber Command throughout the Second War carried out the vast majority of its raids at night. Indeed, in the late 40s and early 50s a considerable amount of work was carried out on a radio controlled weapon carrying a television camera—Blue Boar. But one of its problems was that if used at night, the TV camera was useless, which is one of the reasons the project was dropped. S. Air Force, accompanied by escort fighters, that carried out daylight raids. 301 was in danger of becoming a requirement for an interceptor without a target.
Early in the development of Blue Streak, tests were carried out at Hatfield on non flight models to ensure that it was possible to empty the tanks as quickly as this: with 2 motors, nearly half a ton of propellants per second were being consumed. Having pumped the fuel in, it then has to be mixed efficiently before it can burn. The configuration of the injector plate is rather like a shower head. The two fluids then have to vaporise and mix. A further problem is heating: burning hundreds of pounds of kerosene and oxygen each second in a confined space would melt the chamber walls very quickly.
This was very convenient, particularly in the rocket aircraft and the Blue Steel missile. The gauze was made of silver coated nickel, and a catalyst pack was fitted at the top of the combustion chamber. The space where this would be fitted can be seen in the photograph of the de Havilland Spectre engine above. The Gamma 301 above derived from the small chamber of the Stentor engine for the Blue Steel missile. It was used in later Black Knights and went on to be the basis of the motors for Black Arrow.
A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971 by C N Hill