By A.S. Brown, H.W. Catling
Published for the viewers and offered on the Ashmolean Museum; from the Neolithic to Medieval and later Cyprus
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Additional resources for Ancient Cyprus
If it is true that Mycenaean refugees played a leading part in the cultural renaissance of Cyprus in the tweInh century BC, it must be recognised that their own character had been somewhat altered by their change of home. uence of Cyprus itself, they 34 THE BRONZE AGE were affected by other refugees from Syria and Palestine who, in their tum, had much to contribute. The twelfth century Be in Cyprus saw the brief flowering of a material civilisation conspicuous for the excellence not only of its architecture, bronzeworking, and ceramic production but also of its jewellery, ivorycarving and seal'cutting, an excellence for which Cypriots, Plate XIII: Bronze statuelte of a naked woman, perhaps Ihe goddess 'ASlane', standing on an 'oxhide' ingot.
Mainland Greece and Ionia also had a vital pan to play. In material culture there was no marked break with the past, though the differences between the east and west halves of the island in painted pouery and sculptural slyles can be seen more ckarly. White Painted IV and Bichrome IV wares appeared: Type III fabrics for some time continued in produclion side by side (see above, p. 38). The popularity of Black-on-Red grew, particularly for small vessels (fig. IlIb. 1-2). The occasional attempts at figure-drawing made by the Cypro-Geometric IIJ potters were greally expanded so Ihat a school of vase-painters who specialised in representalional designs arose.
Yet the Late Cypriot period began without Plate IX. Middle Cypriot Bronzes: a. Mushroom-headed toggle pin (tip missing). From Eylenja, Leondari Vouno. given by the Cyprus Exploration Fund. 13181. b. Pin. given by G. J. Chester. L. 1601. c. Rat-tanged dirk. the upper part of the midrib decorated with herringbone pattern. L. 28). d. Pair of tweezer~. Given by Sir Arthur Evans. L. 13951. any apparent change of population or dramatic change in a material culture in which Early Cypriot antecedents are still to be seen.
Ancient Cyprus by A.S. Brown, H.W. Catling