By F. S. Naiden
This is often the 1st book-length remedy of supplication, a tremendous social perform in historical Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has got little realization, and no earlier learn has explored such a lot of features of the perform. Naiden investigates the numerous gestures made by means of the supplicants, the categories of requests they make, the arguments utilized in security in their requests, and the position of the supplicandus, who evaluates and comes to a decision no matter if to meet the requests. assorted and plentiful resources invite comparability among the societies of Greece and Rome and in addition between literary genres. also, Naiden formulates an research of the ritual in its criminal and political contexts. In developing this wealthy and thorough research, Naiden thought of over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, paintings, and medical resources. 30 illustrations and a map of the proper destinations accompany the textual content.
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Extra info for Ancient Supplication
The king has the power to forgive the wayward, protect the exile or captive, and shelter the fugitive, and he uses it. But the most important royal supplicandus is the Roman emperor. Augustus receives supplications at every turn. When he goes to dinner, the host’s slave supplicates him. When he receives foreign rulers, they supplicate him. 8 Tiberius finds so much attention nerve-wracking, and he suspects one suppliant of trying to kill him. Since the source for this act is Tacitus, who dislikes Tiberius, the emperor is ludicrously wrong.
Unlike Gould’s view, it did not confine itself to early Greece. A peculiar division of labor resulted. 66 Even forms of scholarly work were divided. 68 Forgotten in this division was the overlap between supplication and the law. In any act of supplication, the act of judgment is quasilegal. In some, it is regulated, and in others, the suppliant is a defendant pleading for pity from a judge or jury. How do supplication and the law affect one another, whether the act of supplication is regulated or not?
Jd. 2, where the same word appears. 82. 3 Ki. 28–32. 83. Abner: 2 Ki. 27. 8–10. A survey: Barmash, Homicide, ch. 3. 3 A tripartite view of of Gilgamesh, Humbaba, and Enkidu. Courtesy of Staatsliche Museen zu Berlin. 84 The rest of the Near East supplies even fewer examples. 85 Most appear in Assyrian royal inscriptions recording surrenders. 87 Nor need the suppliants make either of two obvious arguments: surrender saves the king the trouble of killing them and puts their wealth and labor at his disposal.
Ancient Supplication by F. S. Naiden