By Kathryn C. Todd and Roger F. Bufterworfh
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Extra resources for Animal Models of Neurological Disorders
But now look at hominoids or hominids whose nervous systems have accidentally mutated into a very high level of complexity and thus shot beyond the optimum. In such animals, the marker will be too strong to simply reinforce the neuronally registered signal. It becomes obtrusive and virulent. Therefore, it will lead to confusion and disorientation and inhibit rather than promote a suitable response. These qualia, as they have become known, are real enough. But it is rarely realized that taken by themselves they are a damaging and not a helpful phenomenon.
The observation that all consciousness is linked to words may sound like the old view that consciousness must always be intentional and that we call an event conscious or mental when it intends something. But the present observation is very different from the hoary intentionality theory. What is more, the difference comes with a vengeance. When we think we intend something when we are conscious, that something is an object which we could not specify unless we had a word for it. On one side, without the word the alleged phenomenon of intentionality is a nonevent, so vague as not to be worth mentioning.
This is why he thought of this subjective feel as a mere phantasm and he concluded his paper on the subject by saying that it was idle to speculate about it and that it neither warranted nor required further inquiry. Soon after, John Locke incorporated and elaborated these thoughts in his Essay on Human Understanding. He first gave a specific example to indicate that the inner experience produced in one man by marigold may be the same as the inner experience produced by violet in another and that one could never tell whether this was so or not because both men would use the word "violet" for violet and 20 CRITIQUE OF IMPURE REASON "marigold" for marigold, regardless of what they actually inwardly felt.
Animal Models of Neurological Disorders by Kathryn C. Todd and Roger F. Bufterworfh