By Pamphilus, Thomas Scheck
Presented the following for the 1st time in English translation (from Rufinus's Latin model) is the Apology for Origen, the only surviving paintings of St. Pamphilus of Caesarea (d. 310 AD), who was once some of the most celebrated priest-martyrs of the traditional Church. Written from felony with the collaboration of Eusebius (later to turn into the bishop of Caesarea), the Apology makes an attempt to refute accusations made opposed to Origen, protecting his perspectives with passages quoted from his personal works. Pamphilus goals to teach Origen's constancy to the apostolic proclamation, mentioning excerpts that reveal Origen's orthodoxy and his vehement repudiation of heresy. He then takes up a chain of particular accusations raised opposed to Origen's doctrine, quoting passages from Origen's writings that confute fees raised opposed to his Christology. a few excerpts show that Origen didn't deny the background of the biblical narratives; others make clear Origen's doctrine of souls and facets of his eschatology. Pamphilus used to be beheaded on February sixteen, 310, below the emperor Maximinus Daia.
In 397 advert, on the pressing invitation of his good friend Macarius, Rufinus of Aquileia translated Pamphilus's Apology into Latin, the 1st of his huge translations of Origen's writings. Rufinus most likely didn't suspect the incomparable significance of his project, yet through translating Origen he kept from drawing close destroy one of the most important monuments of Christian antiquity, destined to shape Latin minds for a few years to come.
Also awarded during this quantity is a brand new English translation of Rufinus's paintings, On the Falsification of the Books of Origen during which Rufinus units forth arguments for his idea that Origen's writings had suffered interpolations through heretics. Rufinus demonstrates that literary frauds and forgeries conducted by means of heretics have been frequent and affected many writers. He can have been misled by way of his extreme recognize for Origen's genius, and he definitely exaggerated while he claimed that every one the doctrinal mistakes to be met with in Origen's works have been because of interpolations.
ABOUT THE TRANSLATOR:
Thomas P. Scheck is assistant professor of classics and theology at Ave Maria college. he's the translator of a number of works of the Church Fathers: Origen's Commentary at the Epistle to the Romans, Homilies on Numbers, and Homilies on Ezekiel, St. Jerome's Commentary on Matthew, and Commentaries on Galatians, Titus, and Philemon. His examine pursuits contain the reception of the Church Fathers within the West and the theology of Erasmus of Rotterdam.
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Extra resources for Apology for Origen: with On the Falsification of the Books of Origen by Rufinus
They claim that there is no common ground between Origen’s teaching and their own; nor do they hesitate even reproachfully to declare him accursed, and they do not refrain from speaking malicious things about him. ”46 16. 47 By means of published books they belittle Origen, who was a teacher of the Church for so many years, who grew old in the Catholic48 Church, who fought so steadfastly and boldly against those heresies that were assailing the Church at that time that he undermined all the foundations of their devilish schemes.
12. 35 36 PREFACE OF RUFINUS learn about another man’s faith from a third party, especially since the means of finding this out is at hand, and the confession of one’s own mouth reveals the content and quality of what each one believes. ”8 2. 10 3. But, just as it has been handed down to us from the holy fathers, so we hold that the Holy Trinity is co-eternal, and of one nature, and of one power and substance; and that the Son of God at the end of time11 became man and suffered for our sins, and in the very flesh in which he suffered he rose again from the dead, through which he also imparted the hope of the resurrection to the human race.
The only place in book one of the Apology where the objections of the fatalists are alluded to is in connection with Origen’s doctrine of souls. This context seems to suggest that both Rufinus and Pamphilus believed that Origen’s theory respecting the creation of all souls, prior to their bodies, had theological advantages over other theories, especially in the face of fatalist objections to the divine justice. The series of excerpts dealing with the origin of souls (159– 72) shows that Origen viewed this doctrine as an open question, 82.
Apology for Origen: with On the Falsification of the Books of Origen by Rufinus by Pamphilus, Thomas Scheck