By Robin S. Downie, Jane Macnaughton
Critiquing many parts of scientific perform and examine when making optimistic feedback approximately scientific schooling, this booklet extends the scope of clinical ethics past sole obstacle with legislation. Illustrating a few humanistic methods of knowing sufferers, this quantity explores the connections among clinical ethics, healthcare and topics, similar to philosophy, literature, artistic writing and scientific background and the way they could have an effect on the attitudes of medical professionals in the direction of sufferers and the perceptions of medication, well-being and ailment that have develop into a part of modern tradition. The authors research a number of principles in clinical perform and examine, together with: the concept that sufferer prestige or the doctor/patient dating should be understood through quantitative scales the appearance fostered by way of scientific ethics that medical professionals, in contrast to these in different professions, are uniquely beneficent and certainly altruistic. an exceptional textual content for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of legislation, clinical ethics and clinical healthcare legislations, Bioethics and the arts indicates the genuine moral achievements, difficulties and half-truths of up to date medication.
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Additional info for Bioethics and the Humanities: Attitudes and Perceptions (Biomedical Law & Ethics Library)
2 It is worth noting here – although the points are of sociological rather than philosophical interest – that there are two other reasons which encouraged philosophers to become involved with bioethics. The first is that, increasingly from 1980, university departments were obliged to seek funding from outside sources, and it is easier to obtain funding for projects with an obvious practical relevance. The second is that doctors were themselves perplexed as to when to use the new technology which had been created, and were being challenged by patients and fund allocators to justify their decisions.
How are the four principles meant to work in the solving of bioethical problems? One way of seeing their function borrows from a general account of moral reasoning which was common in the period 1960–90 (although it goes back to Aristotle). In this view, one of the four principles either itself features as a major premise in a moral argument or gives rise to more specific principles (or rules) which do feature. For example, the general principle that we ought to respect the autonomy of patients might plausibly be said to give rise to specific principles, for instance, that we ought to obtain consent for treatment, ought not to deceive a patient about his/her condition, ought to maintain confidentiality and so on.
One of the central aims of teaching ethics is to make the professional aware of the all-pervasive nature of such value judgements and the extent to which the professional’s own values affect decisions. It is here that the humanities have a supplementary function in raising the awareness of professionals to the wider implications of their decisions. Bioethics: the four principles However that may be, the historical origins of bioethics and the keen interest which moral philosophers began to show in the issues gave rise to a certain way of conducting bioethical discussion known as the ‘four-principles’ approach.
Bioethics and the Humanities: Attitudes and Perceptions (Biomedical Law & Ethics Library) by Robin S. Downie, Jane Macnaughton