Download e-book for iPad: Biophotonics: Concepts to Applications by Gerd Keiser

By Gerd Keiser

ISBN-10: 9811009430

ISBN-13: 9789811009433

ISBN-10: 9811009457

ISBN-13: 9789811009457

This ebook introduces senior-level and postgraduate scholars to the foundations and purposes of biophotonics. It additionally serves as a worthy reference source or as a short-course textbook for working towards physicians, clinicians, biomedical researchers, healthcare execs, and biomedical engineers and technicians facing the layout, improvement, and alertness of photonics parts and instrumentation to biophotonics matters. the subjects contain the basics of optics and photonics, the optical houses of organic tissues, light-tissue interactions, microscopy for visualizing tissue parts, spectroscopy for optically studying the houses of tissue, and optical biomedical imaging. It additionally describes instruments and methods akin to laser and LED optical resources, photodetectors, optical fibers, bioluminescent probes for labeling cells, optical-based biosensors, floor plasmon resonance, and lab-on-a-chip applied sciences. one of the purposes are optical coherence tomography (OCT), optical imaging modalities, photodynamic treatment (PDT), photobiostimulation or low-level gentle treatment (LLLT), varied microscopic and spectroscopic ideas, tissue characterization, laser tissue ablation, optical trapping, and optogenetics. labored examples additional clarify the fabric and the way it may be utilized to useful designs, and the homework difficulties aid try readers’ figuring out of the text.

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Extra resources for Biophotonics: Concepts to Applications

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Carbohydrates are important in defining the structure of cells and are a source of immediate energy needs in living systems. These macromolecules consist of interconnected chains or rings of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms with a ratio of H twice that of C and O. Carbohydrates include compounds such as sugars, starches, and cellulose. The most elementary monomers of carbohydrates are simple sugars or monosaccharides. Two fundamental monosaccharides are glucose and fructose, which both have the chemical formula C6H12O6 but have different chemical structures as shown in Fig.

2), a train of electric or magnetic field waves designated by A can be represented in the general form Aðr; tÞ ¼ ei A0 exp½iðxt À k Á rފ ð2:7Þ where r = xex + yey + zez represents a general position vector, k = kxex + kyey + kzez is the wave propagation vector, ej is a unit vector lying parallel to an axis designated by j (where j = x, y, or z), and kj is the magnitude of the wave vector along the j axis. The parameter A0 is the maximum amplitude of the wave and ω = 2πν, where ν is the frequency of the light.

Lightwaves in which the vibrations occur in a single plane are known as polarized light. The process of polarization deals with the transformation of unpolarized light into polarized light. The polarization characteristics of lightwaves are important when describing the behavior of polarization-sensitive devices such as optical filters, light signal modulators, Faraday rotators, and light beam splitters. 30 2 Basic Principles of Light These types of components typically incorporate polarization-sensitive birefringent crystalline materials such as calcite, lithium niobate, rutile, and yttrium vanadate.

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Biophotonics: Concepts to Applications by Gerd Keiser

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