By Kenneth Carleton
The English bishops performed a vital function within the technique of Reformation within the 16th century, from the 1st arrival of continental Reformed inspiration to the digital extinction of the place of work in 1559. This paintings has at its center the bishops' personal figuring out of the episcopate, drawn from their surviving writings and different modern discussions; this type of research is essential to realizing what turned of the English Church of the center a long time and what it was once to develop into below Elizabeth. Carleton examines the interaction among bishop and king, the episcopate within the context of different orders, and the social context of the place of work; he reviews episcopal task in key components resembling preaching, ordaining, and opposing heresy; and he notes the effect of the types which the bishops themselves arrange as beliefs, so much significantly Christ himself because the perfect bishop. The backgrounds of the bishops are set out within the appendix.
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Additional resources for Bishops and Reform in the English Church, 1520-1559
The other interpretation which This is clearly expressed in the ®rst of Robert Holgate's injunctions for York Minster, 1552; Articles and Injunctions, p. 310. , Episcopacy and the Royal Supremacy in the Church of England in the Sixteenth Century (Oxford, 1950), pp. 78±9, where it is also noted that after the ®nal cessation of royal visitations in 1559 the bishops began to regain their power as Ordinaries. , `The Supremacy and the Episcopate: The Struggle for Control, 1534±1540', Historical Journal, 18 (1975), pp.
41, quoting from St Jerome's Commentary on the Epistle to Titus. 76 Summa, 2a2ae. 184, 6 ad 1, p. 43, citing 1 Timothy 5:17 and Acts 20:28. 78 The study of scholastic theology ceased in the English universities in the mid-1530s, forming no part of the syllabus for higher studies in theology from that time. However, many of the bishops in the earlier part of this study had been trained in the law rather than in scholastic theology, while the later Henrician theologian bishops and their successors had been brought up in the period of reaction against medieval theology in the universities brought about by the spread of Reformed ideas.
I, part 2, p. 273. Barlow was the principal consecrator at Matthew Parker's consecration as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1559; the fact that no records are extant of Barlow's own episcopal consecration led to a considerable controversy in the nineteenth century over the validity of Parker's consecration and therefore that of all subsequent Anglican orders. While this is not the place to enter into that debate afresh, it might be noted that it was Barlow who as early as the year of his ®rst episcopal appointment was arguing against the necessity for formal consecration for the validity of the episcopal order, and whose receiving of that consecration is most in doubt.
Bishops and Reform in the English Church, 1520-1559 by Kenneth Carleton