By Sheridan Gilley, Brian Stanley
История Христианства с древнейших времен до наших дней...
The first of the 9 quantity The Cambridge historical past of Christianity sequence, Origins to Constantine presents a finished assessment of the basic occasions, folks, areas and concerns fascinated with the emergence of the Christian faith within the Mediterranean international within the first 3 centuries. Over thirty essays written by way of scholarly specialists hint this dynamic heritage from the time of Jesus via to the increase of Imperial Christianity within the fourth century. It presents considerate and well-documented analyses of the various different types of Christian neighborhood, identification and perform that arose inside a long time of Jesus’ demise, and which via missionary efforts have been quickly implanted in the course of the Roman Empire. Origins to Constantine examines the targeted features of Christian teams in every one countryside as much as the tip of the 3rd century, whereas additionally exploring the advance of the institutional kinds, highbrow practices and theological formulations that will mark Christian heritage in next centuries.
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Additional info for Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 8, World Christianities c.1815-c.1914
Pius was, however, already ill with a neck abscess at his election, and after a pontiﬁcate of just over a year and a half, he died in November 1830. As the conservative Leo succeeded the moderate Pius VII and was followed by the moderate Pius VIII, so Pius was succeeded by the most conservative pope of the nineteenth century, the Camaldolese monk Bartolomeo (in religion Mauro) Cappellari who took the name Gregory XVI (1765–1846; ruled 1831–46). An inveterate snuff-taker – it gave rise to a facial tumour – Cappellari was a hale and vigorous old man, whose theology had always been strongly Ultramontane: his best-known book was called The triumph of the Holy See (1799).
This, however, was intelligent conservatism, not liberalism. , p. 325. 22 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 The papacy tutor, the duke of Norfolk. He was cautious in his encyclical Providentissimus Deus of 1893, which welcomed biblical scholarship but placed severe limits upon it, as did his subsequent Biblical Commission of 1902. Nothing happens in Rome which does not begin elsewhere, and he condemned a heresy called ‘Americanism’ as demanded by conservative American prelates, in a church united in faith but divided by politics.
The breezy paganism of Hume and Gibbon so often associated with the Enlightenment is far less signiﬁcant than is often assumed for the formation of nineteenth-century Christian thought. 4 The real battle was within Christendom, not without. Lessing, Kant and Spinoza Goethe and Schiller were at best cool towards Christianity; but Lessing and Kant represent a profound knowledge of, and not uncritical interest in, Christianity. Lessing, the godfather of the German Enlightenment, in his Uber den Beweis des Geistes und der Kraft (On the proof of Spirit and power, 1777), criticised the traditional employment of the argument from prophecy and miracle from the testimony of Scripture, whilst his Das Christentum der Vernunft (Christianity of reason, 1758) had interpreted the dogmas of Christianity in terms of their rational content.
Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 8, World Christianities c.1815-c.1914 by Sheridan Gilley, Brian Stanley