Manfred R. Schroeder, H. Quast, H.W. Strube's Computer Speech: Recognition, Compression, Synthesis PDF

By Manfred R. Schroeder, H. Quast, H.W. Strube

ISBN-10: 3642059562

ISBN-13: 9783642059568

ISBN-10: 3662063840

ISBN-13: 9783662063842

The first variation having been bought out, offers me a welcome chance to enhance this quantity by way of a few fresh purposes of speech study. a brand new bankruptcy, by way of Holger Quast, treats speech discussion structures and traditional lan­ guage processing. Dictation courses for observe processors, voice dialing for cell phones, and discussion platforms for air commute reservations, automatic banking, and translation over the phone are on the vanguard of human-machine inter­ faces. Spoken language discussion platforms also are beneficial for the bodily handicapped. For researchers new to the sphere, the recent bankruptcy (pp. 67-106) offers an outline of primary linguistic thoughts from phonetics, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics, gramm ars and knowedge illustration. Symbolic method, reminiscent of Norman Chomsky's conventional hierarchy of formal languages is layed out as are statistical ways to investigate textual content. confirmed instruments of language processing are lined intimately, together with finite­ country automata, Zipf's legislations, timber annd parsers. the second one a part of the hot bankruptcy introduces the development blocks of cutting-edge discussion systems.

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Extra resources for Computer Speech: Recognition, Compression, Synthesis

Example text

While before von Kempelen the larynx was considered central to speech production, his simple and successful demonstration drew the attention of 19th-century scientists to the vocal tract, the (nondecaying) cavity between the glottis and the lips as the main site of acoustic articulation. Unfortunately for the ultimate fate of his speaking machine, the clever count conceived and demonstrated a chess-playing machine at precisely the same time that he worked on his talking contraption. But his widely exhibited chess "autom at on" was anything but automatic: it concealed a midget chess master in its innards who communicated magnetically with the above-board chessmen.

The resulting synthetic voice was judged as clearly female by alliisteners not familiar with the experiment. Yet, to the experimenters themselves, there remained a vestige of maleness, a soup<;on of something deceptive. Recently, in addition to transmuting a male voice into female one, fusion of male and female into a single voice has been achieved - with pretty artistic consequences: for the sound track of the 1995 film Farinelli-Il Castmto the voice of the countertenor Derek Lee Ragin was "married" by computer to that of the soprano Ewa Mallas-Godlewka - best men: P.

The frequency regions around these resonant frequencies were ~ and still are ~ called formants. Helmholtz, preferring spherical resonators with narrow necks over tube resonators, was able to synthesize the vowels /a/, /0/, and /u/ with a single formant. But he needed two formants for /ä/ (as in cat), /e/, and /ij. In his theory, Helmholtz associated different coexisting formant resonances with different parts of his resonators, the different parts acting as coupled oscillators. 2 Amusingly, a method was recently described for synthesizing different diphthongs all having the same (flat) power spectrum.

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Computer Speech: Recognition, Compression, Synthesis by Manfred R. Schroeder, H. Quast, H.W. Strube

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