By Nils Christie
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1993
This vintage textual content argues that crime regulate, instead of crime itself is the true risk for our destiny. because the moment variation was once released in 1994, legal populations, in particular in Russia and the US, have grown at an more and more speedy cost.
This third edition is released to take account of those alterations and draw recognition to the dimensions of an escalating challenge. It includes thoroughly new chapters - one on 'penal geography', the opposite on 'the Russian case' - and has been largely revised.
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Extra info for Crime Control as Industry (3rd Edition)
Diagram 4. 3- 1 gives the prison figures per 1 00,000 inhabitants for Norway from 1 8 1 4, the year we got our Constitution, up to the present. The diagram has the form of a huge mountain, with its peak firmly placed in the middle of the last century , fol lowed by a low and relatively stable pri son population throughout thi s century . The increase in the prison population from 1 8 1 4 is not impossible to explain. Leaving the seventeen hundreds behind, also meant abandon ing a large amount of capital punishment as well as flogging, branding a thief-mark on the forehead, cutting off fingers and other mutilations.
208). Personally, I think there are some limits to limits. Without any penal institutions, we might experience a growth in alternatives such as 64 C R I M E C O N T R O L AS I N D U ST R Y mental hospitals or seemingly benign arrangements which i n reality were more oppressive than those we meet in present penal law. My position would be a minimalistic one: that is, as few prisoners as pos sible, rather than an abolitioni stic one. But thi s discussion is no more than a warning against a deluge in the Sahara.
At the time of the great witch-hunts i n seventeenth-century Europe, people came from near and far to Oudewater to prove that they were not weightless - as witches at that time were supposed to be. In Oudewater, they got a certificate of weight, safeguarding them from prosecution both there and elsewhere. Rutherford ( 1 984, p. 1 37) quotes a source from 1 770 stating that more criminals were executed in London in a year than had been executed in all of Holland for twenty years . In addition to tolerance, comes a peculiar Dutch mechanism for coping with conflicts.
Crime Control as Industry (3rd Edition) by Nils Christie