By Brian Henderson, Ralph H. Bartram
This e-book examines the underlying technological know-how and layout of laser fabrics. It emphasizes the foundations of crystal-field engineering and discusses the elemental actual innovations that be certain laser achieve and nonlinear frequency conversion in optical crystals. Henderson and Bartram enhance the predictive features of crystal-field engineering to teach how amendment of the symmetry and composition of optical facilities can increase laser functionality. additionally they speak about purposes of the rules of crystal-field engineering to a number of optical crystals relating to the performances of laser units. This ebook might be of substantial curiosity to actual, chemical and fabric scientists and to engineers enthusiastic about the technology and know-how of stable country lasers.
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Additional resources for Crystal field engineering of solid state laser materials
67) yields the following relationship between ! ; qjj Þ space, from which the dispersion relation of the surface excitation may be deduced. Examples are discussed in chapter 3. In spin-polarized EELS (or SPEELS) a polarized primary electron beam is employed, together with a polarization analyser in the scattered beam. It has been applied to study excitations at ferromagnetic surfaces (Hopster 1994). 3 Other techniques Other more speciﬁc experimental methods, to be described later in this book, include measurements of thermodynamic properties, such as the vibrational or magnetic contributions to the surface speciﬁc heat.
Appl. Phys. 87 5443 Somorjai G A 1975 in Surface Science vol I (Vienna: IAEA) p 173 Szeftel J, Lehwald S and Ibach H 1984 J. de Physique 45 C5–109 Tilley D R 1980 J. Phys. C 13 781 Tu K-N, Mayer J W and Feldman L C 1992 Electronic Thin Film Science for Electrical Engineers and Materials Scientists (New York: Macmillan) Wherrett B S 1986 Group Theory for Atoms, Molecules and Solids (London: Prentice-Hall) Whittaker E T and Watson G N 1963 A Course of Modern Analysis 4th edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) Woodruﬀ D P and Delchar T A 1986 Modern Techniques of Surface Science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) Zangwill A 1988 Physics at Surfaces (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) Zangwill A, Jesson D, Chambliss D and Clarke R (eds) 1996 Evolution of Epitaxial Structure and Morphology (Pittsburgh: MRS) Zhang P X, Lockwood D J, Labbe´ H J and Baribeau J-M 1992 Phys.
Acquires a nonzero value that Copyright © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. 9. 0 ¼ 0:2. Þ. Þ ð1:42Þ This complex function of ! displays a resonant behaviour at ! Þ are plotted. Þ] are respectively symmetric and antisymmetric functions of !. 43) denotes complex conjugation. 41) may be written in an alternative (but less convenient) form as ð1 Xðt 0 Þ f ðt ÿ t 0 Þ dt 0 ð1:44Þ u"ðtÞ ¼ 0 Copyright © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. Þ. e. t 0 > 0. Þ and the absorption (or dissipation) of energy from the ﬁctitious force f .
Crystal field engineering of solid state laser materials by Brian Henderson, Ralph H. Bartram