By Heger, P.
Conflicting ideas of the proper systems of the Temple cult, whose value demanded absolute exactitude and uniformity, precluded universal public rituals and created the schism
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Additional info for Cult as the Catalyst for Division: Cult Disputes as the Motive for Schism in the Pre-70 Pluralistic Environment (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
I. Baumgarten, 1995, p. ” On the other hand, in 1997, p. , but was only historically recorded later. Quoting the different scholarly views and the relevant bibliography, he conjectures that the Maccabean revolt brought changes in Jewish life and a breakdown of the old order, circumstances favourable to the Áourishing of sects, and notes: “Ancient Jewish Sectarianism can only be considered fully formed from the Maccabean era onwards” (p 25). F. G. Martínez, 1999, p. 444, writes that the desecration of the Temple by Antiochus acted as a catalyst, increasing the sensitivity towards purity problems, a subject paramount in Qumran literature and law.
68 J. Efron, 1987, p.
We must therefore assume that even such a signiÀcant rule was not yet institutionalized. 2 Contention Concerning SacriÀce The unusual circumstances of the rebellion against Hellenization in Judah explain the remarkable proliferation of disputes with respect to rules and customs that should not have incited controversy under normal conditions. We read in m. Hag. 2:2, concerning the laying of hands on the sacriÀcial animal on holidays: “Yose ben Yoxezer says [one] must not lay hands, Yose ben Yohanan says one must lay hands, Joshua ben Perahyah says [one] must not lay hands, Nittai of Arbela says one must lay hands .
Cult as the Catalyst for Division: Cult Disputes as the Motive for Schism in the Pre-70 Pluralistic Environment (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah) by Heger, P.